Linux安装pgsql

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  3. 安装前的准备

    yum install \
    vim \
    wget \
    firewalld \
    gcc \
    gcc-c++ \
    openssl-devel \
    readline \
    readline-devel \
    zlib \
    zlib-devel \
    uuid-devel \
    systemd-devel \
    -y
    
  4. 安装PostGreSQL

    cd /home
    wget https://ftp.postgresql.org/pub/source/v10.3/postgresql-10.3.tar.gz
    tar -zxvf postgresql-10.3.tar.gz
    cd postgresql-10.3
    ./configure \
    --prefix=/usr/local/postgres/ \
    --with-ossp-uuid \
    --with-uuid=ossp \
    --with-systemd \
    --with-openssl \
    
    make
    make install
    
  5. 添加postgres用户并配置数据目录

    mkdir /data/
    mkdir /data/postgres/
    
    useradd postgres
    
    chown -R postgres:postgres /data/postgres/
    chown -R postgres:postgres /usr/local/postgres/
    chown -R postgres:postgres /home/postgresql-10.3/
    
  6. 配置启动防火墙

    systemctl start firewalld
    firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=5432/tcp --permanent
    firewall-cmd --reload
    
  7. 修改环境变量

    vim /etc/profile
    
    export PGHOME=/usr/local/postgres
    export PGDATA=/data/postgres
    export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/postgres/bin
    
    ESC
    :wq
    
    source /etc/profile
    
  8. 初始化数据库

    su postgres
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/initdb -D /data/postgres
    
  9. 修改配置

    su postgres
    vim /data/postgres/pg_hba.conf
    
    local   all             all                                     trust
    host    all             all             127.0.0.1/32            trust
    host    all             all             0.0.0.0/0               trust
    host    all             all             ::1/128                 trust
    
    local   replication     all                                     trust
    host    replication     all             127.0.0.1/32            trust
    host    replication     all             0.0.0.0/0               trust
    host    replication     all             ::1/128                 trust
    
    ESC
    :wq
    
    vim /data/postgres/postgresql.conf
    
    listen_addresses = '*'
    
    ESC
    :wq
    
  10. 启动

    su postgres
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/pg_ctl -D /data/postgres -l logfile start
    
  11. 创建默认数据库及设置密码

    su postgres
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/createdb postgres
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/psql postgres
    # 已经进入了postgres控制台
    \password
    # 接下来输入密码
    12345678
    # 退出
    \q
    
  12. 停止、启动、重启、重载

    su postgres
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/pg_ctl -D /data/postgres -l logfile stop
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/pg_ctl -D /data/postgres -l logfile start
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/pg_ctl -D /data/postgres -l logfile restart
    /usr/local/postgres/bin/pg_ctl -D /data/postgres -l logfile reload
    
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